The "main ledgers" of the "gypsy camp"

(State Museum Auschwitz)

The arriving prisoners were recorded in the so-called main ledgers of the "gypsy camp" separated by gender. However, there were also transports of Sinti and Roma which went directly to the gas chambers after their arrival without previous registration. The number of Sinti and Roma murdered in Auschwitz is therefore considerably higher than can be reconstructed from the "main ledgers".

Prisoners were able to cover the "main ledgers" with makeshift wrappings and bury them secretly in a bucket before the "liquidation" of the "gypsy camp" by the SS in July 1944. They were unearthed - partly damaged - in January 1949.

In 1993 the "main ledgers" were reconstructed using electronic data processing techniques and published by the Documentary and Cultural Centre of German Sinti and Roma in conjunction with the Auschwitz State Museum under the title "Memorial book : the Gypsies at Auschwitz-Birkenau".

The memorial book contains the names of almost 21,000 Sinti and Roma from eleven countries in Europe who were deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau, where almost all of them were murdered.